Varicose veins are a common ailment among men and women. Up to 20% of women and 15% of men will develop varicose veins over their lifetime.
Veins are a low pressure network of blood vessels and are responsible for returning blood to the heart. Because most of our time is spent with our legs below our heart, the blood must fight against gravity as it returns. Veins in the leg rely on external compressive forces from the surrounding muscles as well as one-way valves to force the blood up through the body and back to the heart.
Varicose veins result from the pressurization of small veins located below the skin caused by incompetent valves within veins themselves. The normal forward flow of blood is reversed, which puts abnormal pressure on the veins. This is why varicose veins are more prominent in gravity dependant positions such as standing.
Symptoms of varicose veins vary from mild to serious and can be aggravated by sitting with the legs down, standing for prolonged periods of time, walking, and many sports activities. They include:
Many men and women seek treatment to relieve these symptoms and many more seek treatment to relieve the aesthetic effects of varicose veins.Treatments options include:
Choosing which treatment option to pursue can be a complicated decision. Vascular surgeons are thoroughly trained and experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins and can determine which treatment, or combination of treatments, is best suited to each individual patient. EVLT and foam sclerotherapy are the varicose vein treatments offered by doctors at Vaughan Vein Clinic.Back